The workshop was in close collaboration with the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization. It addressed most important issues concerning policies and practical measures on moving from linear towards circular economy that aims at sustainability, low carbon emissions, resource efficiency and competitiveness.
The event was attended by almost 70 participants of Turkish relevant authorities representing Presidency of the Republic of Turkey, the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization, the Ministry of Trade, the Ministry of Industry and Technology, the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.
The participants were exchanging views and sharing best practices with a number of public officials and professionals dealing with the subject on daily basis. Among panellists who attended the workshop addressing key issues were experts of the European Commission (DG Environment, DG SANTE, DG NEAR, DG GROW), European Environment Agency, European Environment Bureau, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Swedish Environmental Research Institute (IVL), Public Waste Agency of Flanders (OVAM), Regional Agency for Environmental Protection and Prevention of Veneto (ARPA Veneto), Environment Agency Austria, Association of Cities and Regions for Sustainable Resource Management (ACR+), Ecopreneur- European Sustainable Business Federation, Extended Producer Responsibility Alliance (EXPRA) and Business Council for Sustainable Development (BCSD).
The workshop was divided into 5 sessions and addressed the following key issues:
Session 1 Enabling the transition to Circular Economy (CE).
- What is the most important when heading towards CE in synergy with the European Green Deal and the New Circular Economy Action Plan?
- What does it take to redesign food and consumption systems as well as support greener industry in order to make economy more resilient to future crises?
- What are potential solutions for designing products and systems that change consumers’ behaviours and what role can sharing economy play in this?
- What are the links between CE and bioeconomy in order to keep the value of the product and materials?
- What is Italian pathway towards circularity since 1990 and what are their current actions and future initiatives ? Why is it important to make legislation easy to apply, safe for environment, reliable secondary raw materials?
- How waste policy has changed in Flanders, Belgium since 1980? Why combining legal, economic and social instruments is the key factor in transition to CE?
Session 2 Policies for the prevention and improved management of plastic waste through the Circular Economy.
- What are Austria’s key policies and measures to tackle plastic waste and approach to implementation of the Single Use Plastics (SUP) Directive?
- Why Covid-19 pandemic impacted so significantly plastics littering, increase of consumption of food packaging and decrease of demand for secondary raw materials?
- What’s functionality of Austrian traceability system of waste movement and data collection for packaging waste?
- What’s the importance of multi-stakeholders’ collaboration (like Materials Marketplace Turkiye project), sharing know-how and human capital for CE models in business?
Session 3 How can businesses make the CE a reality by implementing circular business models?
- Why circular design and production model should be the 1st step in moving towards CE business models and what are tools and strategies to enable the transition?
- What is an impact of CE on consumers’ behaviour and technology development?
Session 4 Measures taken by the EU Member States to prevent and improve the management of packaging waste.
- Why the product design must be in line with 3Rs rule: reduce, reuse, recycle?
- What are good practices in the EU Member States to tackle packaging waste and to increase recovery rate of plastic waste?
- How can a number of benefits from reusable packaging influence business and consumers
- Why deposit-return system is of key importance as example of Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) and how does work in the EU Member States?
- How can EPR schemes contribute to reducing waste and littering as well as encourage design for recycling?
Session 5 Measures taken by the EU Member States to prevent and improve the management of food waste.
- What does it take to achieve sustainable food system with food and nutrition security, economic growth and climate change mitigation?
- What are effective measures for food waste and food loss and what are joint activities in this regard undertaken by FAO in cooperation with the EU and Turkey?
- Why communications activities and partnerships (between the EU bodies, Member States, EFTA countries and private sector are of key importance for changing consumer’s behaviour to tackle food waste and loss?
- Why is it important to take into account determinants of consumers’ behaviour (their motivation, skills and context) ?
- Why information campaigns, media coverage and guidelines are best tools for changing social norms and thinking?
Many examples of circular business models were presented, including companies already implementing CE strategies: Fasadeclick (reusable bricks), Resortecs, Deceuninck (recyclable PVC), Karma app (app to sell surplus food), HUMANA (used textile collection), tarkett’s iD Revolution (flooring made with recycled and bio-based materials), EcoClay (walls covering of natural clays without additives), Lease-a-jeans, Bicycles-as-a-service, SleepGreen (hotels committed to saving water, energy and reduce solid waste while saving money), Werner&Mertz (detergents with 100% recyclable plastic bottles), re-use center system in Flanders, DabbaDrop (food delivery in reusable boxes), reCIRCLE (solution for reusable packaging in takeaway catering).