The workshop is arranged within the framework of EPPA Working Group on Water Management (Component 3) with support of TAIEX instrument and will be attended by the representatives of 7 EPPA countries.
The specific objectives of the event include:
- To present the sources of marine litter both sea and land based and discuss legal instruments for assessing, monitoring, setting targets and reaching good environmental status with regard to marine litter
- To discuss marine litter within the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD), defining targets and approaches to reach the Good Environmental Status (GES)
- To present the policy areas, such as waste and wastewater management, shipping or fisheries, and their interlinkages and social and economic dimensions
- To examine source based measures to reach the target for reducing by 30% beach litter through the Action Plan of Circular Economy
- To discuss results from the assessments regarding marine litter within the frame of different EU initiatives, projects and activities, such as Aqua Lit project, GiZ projects on Marine litter, Black Sea Commission initiatives
- To present the environmental and socio-economic benefits of establishing policies to prevent marine litter
Marine ecosystems face increasing pressure from human activities both on land and at sea, through marine litter which is widely recognized as a significant threat to the marine environment, causing environmental, economic, health and aesthetic problems. It is estimated that more than 150 million tonnes of plastics have accumulated in the world’s oceans, with a rapid dissemination.
There is a large number of initiatives at the EU level. The Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) requires EU Member States to ensure that, by 2020, “properties and quantities of marine litter (Descriptor 10) do not cause harm to the coastal and marine environment”. A Guidance on Monitoring of Marine Litter in the European Seas, and more recently, thematic reports on sources of litter, on riverine litter monitoring and on harm from marine litter have been produced to support the Member States in reaching Good Environmental Status (GES) for marine litter.
Most of the proposed actions of the Strategy for Plastics, adopted by the Commission on 16th January 2018 are related to marine litter, including its international dimension, which is relevant for EPPA countries. Further, actions on plastics were identified as priority in the Circular Economy Action Plan, which offers the most appropriate approach to the marine litter problem considering preventing of waste, recycling and reuse of materials and products.
Other directions of approaching the marine liter problems are offered through the support for the implementation of Barcelona Convention which aims to protect the Mediterranean marine and coastal environment while boosting regional and national plans to achieve sustainable development.